Primary Causes of Schizophrenia in Seniors
A clear sign of psychosis is a distorted perception of the world. This is reflected in a disturbed understanding of events, contrived beliefs, speech disorganization, and behavioral patterns. In medicine, psychosis also refers to severe mental disorders with hallucinations and delusions. In older age, psychopathological conditions can manifest themselves in many conditions. The causes of their occurrence largely depend on the main chronic disease. Psychopathology can be observed with delirium caused by somatic diseases, abuse of psychoactive drugs, as well as with psychosis due to the use of a large number of drugs.
Persistent psychopathological disorders can occur as a result of chronic schizophrenia, delusional and affective disorders, psychological changes as a result of Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Levi calves, and Parkinson’s disease. It is often difficult to distinguish between two diseases: senile schizophrenia and senile dementia, since their symptoms are very similar, although the nature of the diseases is different. Only psychiatrists with a long-term observation of the patient can make an accurate diagnosis. Patients, in either case, are distinguished by increased capriciousness, irritability, and they have more pronounced negative traits of character. As an example, there are old men accusing neighbors of thefts or so on. Characteristic hallucinations include those in which a person recognizes strangers for their own, living relatives for the long-dead.
Psychosymptomatology is a frequent occurrence among the elderly. According to statistical samples, it is characteristic for 0.2 – 4.7% of the elderly population. Among patients in nursing homes, the rate ranges from 10 – 63%. According to a 3 year follow up study, the prevalence rates are as follows: among people of old age without dementia, 7.1 – 13.7% have psycho-symptomatic manifestations. Psychosymptomatology is manifested in the patient’s aggressive or disorganized behavior, which leads to distress in those who take care of him. This is expressed in the neglect of older people, cruel treatment to them, the formalization of relations.
Factors that increase the risk of developing psychosis:
Age-related changes in the temporal and frontal cortex.
Neurochemical changes associated with old age.
Reducing the functionality of the senses.
Increased cognitive impairment.
Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic changes.
The 2019 Medicare Supplement Plans for Seniors: Otherwise called as Medigap, they help cover the gaps within present Medicare program.